Petroleum Engineering: How It’s Done

Petroleum engineering is concerned with the extraction of oil and natural gas once geologists have discovered a subterranean hydrocarbon reservoir. Recent advances in petroleum engineering such as lateral drilling have led to the exploitation of reserves that were once considered beyond reach.

The profession dates back to 1914, and the first degree in petroleum engineering was awarded by the University of Pittsburgh in 1915. The largest professional body in the field is the Society of Petroleum Engineers which has over 100,000 members.

The field is divided into three main areas. Reservoir engineers concern themselves the optimal placement of wells and develop recovery techniques which improve production. Drilling engineers have to overcome huge challenges as they work to access oil and natural gas that can be trapped below multiple different layers of rock and thousands of feet of water. Production engineers then work to coordinate efforts between the reservoir and the well.

Petroleum engineering has seen major advances in the last few decades. Wells today produce twice as much as they did in 1985, and their footprints are 70 percent smaller. This will yield significant economic benefits in the United States. US oil production was thought to have peaked in the 1970s, but new technologies mean that the country will produce more oil than even Saudi Arabia by 2020.

Uncategorized admin 10 Aug 2013 Comments Off

Working On An Oil Rig

Working on an oil rig involves long hours, high pay, great food, boredom and the risk of dying.

The most glamorous and challenging job in the industry is working on a deep water oil platform. A young worker just starting out will earn about 60,000 annually. An engineer can expect about 90,000 in salary, while a supervisor will pull in 150,000.

People work on these rigs in 12 hour shifts for two straight weeks. Then they are given two weeks of vacation. The food is the best and has been compared to four-star dining.Didn't catch that? This explains it. It's all free. However, the rooms aboard these rigs are described as closets with two lockers, a desk and a pair of bunk beds. That's not four-star accomodations.

Workers are constantly surrounded by the sound of machinery running. The oil must pump 24 hours per day. If operations stop for a single day, the company can lose millions of dollars. If something goes terribly wrong on a rig, workers can lose their lives and be seriously injured.

Workers engage in video game tournaments and watch movies for entertainment. It's like a big, extended family onboard a rig, and tempers can flair and arguments break out. It's a whole different culture on a rig that's not suitable for everyone.

Uncategorized admin 12 Jun 2013 Comments Off

How Do They Find Oil?

Across the world are about 25,000 highly trained individuals whose sole purpose is to find oil. These people include geologists, mineralogists, paleontologists and geochemists.

To this date, they have located about 350 billion barrels of oil. That's enough for about 30 years as the world stands today. As the standard of living rises around the world, demand for oil will increase. That demand will keep those 25,000 specialists employed for many more years.

Before these specialists came along, oil drillers would look at the lay of the land and guess where the oil might be. They could drill a dozen dry holes before striking oil. Well, those days of wildcats and wild guesses are long gone.

With the competition heating up to make that next big oil find, there's little use for the casual driller. More sophisticated methods are used to find oil. These include geophysics, core drilling, deep drilling and subsurface geology.

Even if oil is found, companies must consider the size of the field and what it will cost to bring the crude to the refinery. How much pipe will be used and at what cost? Is there a suitable shipping point nearby to make it all profitable?

In the end, the question isn't how do they find oil, but is it profitable to bring it up?

Uncategorized admin 11 Jun 2013 Comments Off

What Do Lipids Have To Do With Oil?

Fossil fuel is extracted from the earth as natural gas or oil. These fuels are the result of dead animals and plants found deep below the earth. Extraction methods costs billions of dollars each year. Natural gas prices have risen steadily over the years. The United States gets most of its fossil fuels from other countries. Steps are needed to reduce the dependency on foreign fuels. This will result in long-term lower fuel prices for everyone in the United States. Large oil companies must spend billions of dollars on research and extraction methods. Lowering the costs of extraction is the long-term goal of oil companies.

The price of natural gas does not cost as much as oil. That's because natural gas can be used without having to add anything. Fuel oil must be refined further in order to be of use. Natural gas can be used to heat and cool your home. Most people think natural gas burns cleaner and more efficiently than oil. The government is working hard to reduce the United States dependency on foreign oil. It will take time, but it is possible for the United States to one day be completely independent on its own fossil fuel reserves.

Uncategorized admin 10 Jun 2013 Comments Off

Early Uses Of Oil

Over the past one hundred years, the reliance on oil across the globe has grown extensively. Oil is a necessity for heating, transportation, manufacturing, and a variety of other important uses. While the use of oil has grown tremendously over the past century, oil has actually been used by humans for thousands of years by many different societies.

The use of oil dates back over five thousand years when the ancient Egyptians first used oil to help mummify their deceased. During the Medieval years, people used to use oil to add shine to their swords and other metal objects, to add asphalt to cracks in the sides of their boats, and to help wagon wheels turn with less resistance.

The use of oil for energy purposes first came about during the early 1800s, when kerosene was used to light lamps. During this time, whale oil was also used to burn lamps, which helped to provide both heat and light. The use of whale oil was so prevalent, that is actually nearly caused the extinction of whales by the end of the 19th century. Because of this, the reliance on whale oil was reduced, but the use of petroleum increased dramatically.

Uncategorized admin 06 Jun 2013 Comments Off

Where Does Oil Come From?

Fossil fuels, oil and other products that are made from petroleum all come from the same resource. Life that existed billions of years ago has been transmuted into crude oil through a lengthy geologic process, one that has resulted in vast reserves of such resources that can be found all over the world. Learning more about how oil is created, the many industrial uses it is able to provide and the potential limitations that come from relying on non-renewable resources can provide you with a much better understanding of the world in which we live.Check out this link here.

The energy that is stored in oil makes it a very attractive fuel source, one that has been used to power the processes of industry for many decades. The pollution and limited supply of this resource has resulted in growing demand for more sustainable alternatives and cleaner power sources that will be less harmful to the environment and natural world, but oil still plays an important role in powering the modern world. Learning all you can about such matters will ensure that you are able to benefit from a greater understanding of this issue and a better idea of the new technology and trends the future may bring within a few short years.

Uncategorized admin 05 Jun 2013 Comments Off